Grieks (aan)leren in de Oudheid Het getuigenis van de papyri

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Samenvatting

The desert of Egypt has brought to light a number of grammatical exercises
written on papyrus, which originally circulated in the classroom of the γραμματικός or ancient teacher of Greek grammar. As "direct" sources, these
school papyri provide us - more than the indirectly transmitted literary
source material - with specific information about daily school practice, about
the didactic methods used by teachers and students, and about the content
and purpose of grammatical instruction in Greek antiquity. Moreover, given
their varied character, they can be subdivided into several types: a series of
fragmentary preserved grammatical manuals; a set of morphological paradigms
of the verb, the noun, and the pronoun; 2 lists with a phonetic classification
of the letters of the alphabet; a couple of exercises with an elementary
form of syntax; and the inflection of a whole sentence. The present paper
seeks to discuss a selection of school texts out of this direct and varied papyrological
source material in order to give the reader a short introduction to
ancient grammatical instruction.

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