In scientific texts on irony, the problem of intentionality has proven to be a persistent
one. In literary studies, the debate centers around two questions: whether literary irony
is always intentional, and how to apply this intentionality in the interpretation of literary
works. In this article my focus will be on the last question. Starting with a brief overview
of what has been written on irony and intentionality, I will examine three author types
that have been put forward with regard to the inferring of an ironic intention to an author
by a reader: the empirical author, the implied author, and the postulated author. I will
exemplify my findings using examples of Dutch author Harry Mulisch’s so-called ‘selfirony’.