On the 13th of June, 1529, Robert de Croÿ made his Joyous Entry into the bishopric-duchy
of Cambrai. As a descendant of a powerful noble family from Picardy, young Robert,
who was appointed bishop at the age of 17, was the third of his name to occupy the
episcopal see of Cambrai. Yet, through his instalment as a bishop, Robert not only arrogated
the episcopal power of the Cambraian bishopric, he also was able to publicly display
the power and pride of the Croÿ family, who ruled Cambrai for already three generations.
At about the same time of his Joyous Entry, the Ladies Peace of Cambrai was concluded.
This peace treaty temporarily ended the Italian Wars (1494-1559), a conflict
between the king of France and the Burgundian rulers. By focussing on his Joyous Entry,
this article will shed light on the means in which Robert de Croÿ used both this international
framework and his aristocratie descent to express his personal power and family
interests in Cambrai.