How did rural communities cope with the devastations of war in the pre-modern world?
While the political context of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) has received considerable
attention, this project seeks to examine the resilience of the rural communities of
Attica in the face of the social and economic impact of the war. Epigraphical evidence
and archaeological remains indicate that the traditional view that the countryside of Attica
was depleted as a direct consequence of the war, needs to be questioned. Applying a
multidisciplinary approach, this research project will investigate the long-term resilience
of the countryside communities (demes). Analyzing the historical sources and archaeological
remains of the period 450-350 BCE, this project aims at tracing the resilience of
the Attic demes outside of Athens by examining how they found ways to sustain and reset
their community lives.