In Flanders, the first serious regulations to set up a "National Forest Program" (NFP) were taken by the Forest Act in 1990. Consequently, a comprehensive scientific study and analysis of the forest and forest policy were carried out. A first Action Plan Forestry was drawn up in 1994, but it never got a legal character. The Flemish Environmental Policy Plan of 1977 insisted to set up an Action Plan Forestry. In 1998 the Flemish Forest Service launched two documents: the "Long Term Plan Forestry" and the "Action Plan Forestry". Together they were considered as the Flemish National Forest Program, in accordance with the recommendations of the International Panel on Forestry. However, although approved by several advice committees, these documents have never been legally approved. The Long Term Plan Forestry is based on four touchstones: sustainability, multiple use, international developments and commitments, and social support. In this frame four key notions are distinguished: forest maintenance quantitatively, forest maintenance qualitatively, forest extension, and integrated task fulfillment. To concretize this plan an Action Plan Forestry with 29 actions and 19 regulating initiatives was launched. The objectives of both action plans were only partly implemented. The too ambitious program was probably the most important reason. The great challenge in Flanders is to legally approve an NFP. It is clear that such a program can only be approved when its ambitions are not too high, so that the interest of other sectors are not directly threatened. The value of such a minimal NFP is, however, very limited. Therefore it is probably better to draw up regularly an ambitious, actualized and well founded forestry document, which is not legally approved, but with a high moral value.