The importance of private forest in the multiple use forestry in Flanders should not be underestimated. Generally speaking, the attitude of the private forest owner is far from negative. Practice has shown some positive achievements. The private forest owner is not only interested in wood production and investment, but he also takes a very keen interest in hunting, nature conservation and recreation. Forest legislation is a good means to increase the significance of multiple use forestry in private forests. In this respect, the recent Flemish Forest Decree makes a considerable contribution, on the one hand by imposing some obligations, such as a management plan, and on the other hand by promoting wood production as well as forest conservation, recreation and nature development in the forest.