A six-year-old Ragdoll with previous extrahepatic biliary tract obstruction due to cholangiohepatitis, treated with cholecystoduodenostomy, was presented for acute vomiting, hyporexia, and weight loss. Abdominal ultrasound examination revealed randomly distributed hepatic nodules and dilated biliary ducts. Gastroduodenoscopy showed a patent cholecystoduodenostoma but disclosed a perforated duodenal ulceration. Conversion to celiotomy revealed extensive liver pathology, a discrete pancreatic nodule, and a duodenal ulcer opposite to the cholecystoduodenostoma. The cat was euthanized intra-operatively and necropsy was performed. The intrahepatic biliary tract of the right liver lobes was obstructed and severely dilated, whereas bile from the left lobes drained through the cholecystoduodenostoma. Histopathologic diagnoses were a primary pancreatic tumor, positive for glucagon on immunohistochemistry, with liver metastases, chronic purulent cholecystitis, and duodenal ulceration. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report in which the development of pancreatic neoplasia is described in a cat with a history of biliary tract disease.