Structure and development patterns analysis of Fagus sylvatica s.l.- Quercus dalechampii Ten. stands in two areas in the Rhodope mountains of Xanthi region

E. Milios, P. Smiris

Abstract


This  study was conducted in Fagus sylvatica-Quercus  dalechampii stands in two areas in the    Rhodope mountains of Xanthi. In order to analyse the structure and the  development patterns of    our stands, 23 plots were established, increment cores were taken, and stem  analysis was    conducted in 2 couples of dominant (competitive) beech and oak trees. The  main results of this    research indicate that a) In the mountainous part of the study area,  natural and anthropogenic    disturbances form the initiation, development and structure of beech-oak  stands. However the    fact that a number of oak trees survived after the disturbance in  combination with landscape    topography, which inhibited the dispersion of pine seeds, the species  biology and the local climate, which is warmer than that of adjacent areas, influenced the succession pathways in the    area and allowed oak to act as a pioneer species. b) Even though only one  of the two structural    types, tound in the submountainous part of the study area, was initiated by  (anthropogenic)    disturbances, the structure and composition of both structural types stands  were and still are formed by illegal cuttings in which the oak wood is preferred. c) In both competing couples, the    beech trees, after the first 80-85 years of their life, showed by far  higher volume growth rates    than the adjacent competitive oak trees which, in combination with the  trees height growth    patterns, implies, that in the future, a total domination of beech trees (in  the two couples) will be    observed. d) Forest practice must preserve the mixture of beech and oak in  the mountainous    part of the study area and enhance the presence of oak component in the  submountainous part    of the study area, in order to maintain· the diversity of these stands, to  avoid the disadvantages    of a homogenous forest and to mediate an orderly transition of community  types, if the predicted    increase in the average global temperatures comes true.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21825/sg.v66i0.802